Network protocols like ICMP include various error reporting and query tools for checking the working of the internet. In addition, utility tools like ping path ping and tracert are used for keeping track of the hosts on the network and the network structure.
Ping (Packet Internet Groper) tool is used by the computer to test whether the intended host reachable across the IP network.
Ping implement the ICMP ‘echo request’ packets to identify whether the intended host is present on network and is active If the host is present and active, it responds with ICMP “echo reply” response packet from a host, ping can estimate the round-trip time delay and the packet loss rate between the host and destined host on the network.
Ping works by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) reverberation demand parcels to the objective host and setting tight for an ICMP reverberation answer.
The program reports mistakes, parcel misfortune, and a factual outline of the outcomes, commonly including the base, most extreme, the mean round-trip times, and standard deviation of the mean.
Packet Internet Groper is computer network organization programming utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network.
It is accessible for essentially all working frameworks that have networking capabilities, including most implanted network organization programming.
Ping estimates the round-trip time for messages sent from the starting host to a goal computer that are reverberated back to the source. The name originates from dynamic sonar wording that sends a beat of sound and tunes in for the reverberation to identify objects underwater, in spite of the fact that it is once in a while deciphered as a backronym to bundle Internet groper.
The direction line alternatives of the ping utility and its old differences between the various executions. Choices may incorporate the span of the payload, tally of tests, limits for the number of network jumps (TTL) that tests navigate, and interim between the solicitations. Numerous frameworks give a buddy utility ping6, for testing on Internet Protocol adaptation 6 (IPv6) networks, which actualize ICMPv6.
To ping a host
1. click start –> run. The run dialog box appears.
2. Type CMD in the open text box. The command window appears.
3. At the C prompt, Ping techsofttips.com The result appears as shown in Figure 1.1